Hysteroscopy

hysteroscopyA hysteroscopy is done when there are problems with the uterus that need to be diagnosed or treated. When a hysteroscopy is done, a thin tube with a light at the end is used, called a hysteroscope. This is inserted through your vagina and into your uterus, which then sends an image of the uterus to a screen for diagnoses. A hysteroscopy is done when the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding needs to be found. This can mean a heavier than normal menstrual flow or bleeding between menstrual periods. This procedure can also be done in these situations:

  • To remove adhesions that may have occurred from infections or past surgeries.
  • When a women has more than two miscarriages in a row.
  • To find the location of an intrauterine device.
  • As a form of permanent birth control, a hysteroscope is used to place small implants in the fallopian tubes.

Endometrial Ablation

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An endometrial ablation is the removal of the uterine lining, which is what causes heavy bleeding. Done in just 5 minutes, this procedure is quick and simple. An endometrial ablation is meant for premenopausal women with heavy periods who are not going to have any more children. Pregnancies that occur after the procedure can be dangerous. During the procedure, a netted device is inserted into your uterus and expands to fit the size and shape of your uterus. A radiofrequency energy is transmitted through the netting for about 90 seconds. The netting is then removed. This procedure is not recommended for women who suspect uterine cancer or have an active genital, urinary, pelvic infection, or an IUD. Rare, but serious risks include thermal injury, perforation and infection. Temporary side effects may include cramping, nausea, vomiting, discharge and spotting.

Colposcopy

This procedure iacog-logos used to see inside the cervix. A magnifying device, called a colposcope, is used to shine a light into the vagina and onto the cervix. This will allow the gynecologist to find problems that cannot be seen from plain view. This procedure is done after a cervical cancer screening and there are abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix. During a colposcopy, if there are abnormal areas, a biopsy of these areas may be done. A colposcopy without a biopsy should not have any side effects. If a biopsy is done, it may result in discomfort for a few days.